Payday loansPayday Loans

Recent News

  • Myanmar Politician Preparing to Seek Legal Limits on Interfaith, Interethnic Marriage

  • Call for Religious Leaders to Teach Acceptance in Malaysia

  • Attacks on religion, liberty

  • Can Muslim lands learn to tolerate Christianity?

  • China vents anger over Dalai Lama's planned Norway visit

  • Militia attack Muslims in Central African Republic's capital

  • Egypt’s new charter stronger on personal freedoms

  • Pussy Riot members freed from prison

  • Frank Wolf, champion of religious freedom, will end congressional career

  • A Political Deal in a Deeply Divided Tunisia as Islamists Agree to Yield Power

  • Egyptian Christians Bridle at Prison Terms for Copts Only in Fatal Clash

  • The Central African Republic descending into ‘complete chaos’

  • French burqa ban challenged in top European court

  • Sharia in Sudan v. women and religious freedom

  • China aims to harness religious beliefs to promote harmony

  • Afghanistan Considers Reinstating Public Stoning for Adultery

  • Sunnis Close Baghdad Mosques to Challenge Religious Attacks

  • Modi campaign stirs religious divide in India's heartland

  • Aung San Suu Kyi, and Myanmar, faces an uncertain future

  • Syrian Christians flee persecution as Patriarch urges them to stay in war-torn country

  • Central African Republic on the verge of genocide, France warns UN

  • Myanmar rejects U.N. resolution on Rohingya Muslims

  • How the State Department Is Getting Religion

  • UN to Myanmar: Make Rohingya Muslims citizens

  • Our Failed Religious Freedom Policy

  • Turkey drops a screen over Christianity

  • Opinion: The oppression of Bahais continues in Iran

  • TAJIKISTAN: "The Law demands that all religious literature be checked by the State"

  • Sudan’s Enduring Question: The Role of Shari'ah in the Constitution and Law

  • The Role of the Hijab Is Becoming a National Problem for Russia

  • For Indian Christian leader, Narendra Modi is a threat to religious freedom

  • Commentary: The two faces of India

  • With 'loving kindness', Myanmar frees 69 political prisoners

  • New U.N. Rights Council Members Are Elected

  • Turkish court lifts headscarf ban for attorneys

  • Egypt's Christians close ranks as kidnappings spike

  • Hundreds of Buddhists in Myanmar protest Organization of Islamic Cooperation’s upcoming visit

  • Frank Wolf Renews Calls for Release of U.S. Pastor from Iranian Prison

  • Many Sunnis and Shias Worry About Religious Conflict

  • China paper blames blind faith of “uncultured” Uighur youth for Xinjiang unrest

  • Turkey's Alevis protest for greater freedoms

  • KAZAKHSTAN: "He was told not to sell religious literature"

  • Myanmar violence between Buddhists, Muslims threatens reforms

  • UZBEKISTAN: Baptist camp ordered seized, Protestant pressured to inform

  • Tibetans Call China’s Policies at Tourist Spot Tacit but Stifling

  • Violence against Muslims threatening Myanmar reforms: U.N. envoy

  • Putin says unnamed foreign foes use radical Islam to weaken Russia

  • Malaysia’s curbs on use of the term ‘Allah’ hurting its moderate Muslim image

  • Vietnamese Court Orders Two Parishioners of Vinh Diocese Jailed

  • Opinion:State Department stays mute on persecuted religious minorities worldwide

  • Turkey, Religious Freedom and the Current State of Christian-Muslim Dialogue (1895)

  • In Nigeria, Wedlock Seen as Terror Fix

  • Northern Iraq no longer safe for Christians

  • Clerics call on UN military force to secure Central African Republic

  • EU condemns Egypt church violence, urges end to religion-based attacks

  • Young Turkish Jews emigrating due to anti-Semitism, tensions with Israel

  • Egypt orders trial of four policemen over killing of Islamist detainees

  • Passion of Pakistani Sufis infuriates Taliban

  • Egyptian writer may face jail for accusations of defaming religion

  • UN expert hails “key breakthrough for religious freedom reached in Cyprus”

  • Kenneth Bae's mother tells of heartbreak after seeing, leaving imprisoned son

  • Conviction of Christians for Murder of Hindu Leader in India Biased, Unfounded, Attorneys Say

  • Opera Fights Hungary’s Rising Anti-Semitism

  • Buddhists and Christians denounce Hanoi for using law to control religions

  • ARMENIA: "Imprisoned conscientious objectors should be immediately and unconditionally released"

  • Bombs planted in confessional box of Syrian church

  • French court upholds Scientology fraud conviction

  • Suzan Johnson Cook to resign as religious freedom ambassador

  • BELARUS: Why is Catholic priest still detained by KGB secret police?

  • Q&A: What Court Decision on Use of ‘Allah’ Means for Malaysia

  • The Surprising Story Of 'Thomas Jefferson's Qur'an'

  • Religious tension runs deep for Vietnam’s minorities

  • Malala Yousafzai wins EU's Sakharov human rights prize

  • Religious liberty takes center stage in diplomacy with Iran

  • Turban row: Sikh NGO wins case against France at UN

  • Vietnam Lets Churches Thrive, but Keeps Control

  • KAZAKHSTAN: Pastor to be transferred from prison to house arrest

  • Kenya Salvation Army Church Torched; Four Killed

  • Chinese activist Chen Guangcheng gets U.S. platform to promote human rights

  • Orthodox leader calls for end Christians' persecution

  • Jewish groups slam Council of Europe Assembly resolution on circumcision

  • Opinion: Quebec’s coup d’etat against religious freedom

  • Small town, big impact: Supreme Court case could define religion’s role in public

  • European council passes anti-ritual circumcision resolution

  • Council of Muftis complain to U.S. reps about disrespect for Muslims in Russia

  • Woman, 94, killed as Buddhist rioters attack Muslim villages in western Myanmar

  • RUSSIA: What's wrong with "extremist" Koran translation?

  • Persecution against Christians increases in many parts of the world

  • How Promotion of Religious Freedom Can Help Prevent Extreme Violence

  • RUSSIA: Muslims rush to challenge Koran "extremism" ruling

  • Judge Ordered Sikh to Remove 'That Rag' from Head, Says ACLU

  • Donate by Paypal or Credit Card

    Solution Graphics

    Click Amazon to Help ICRF

    amzn-ba100x70.gif (2357 bytes)

    Help ICRF with your donation

    Follow ICRF on Twitter

    Twitter Image

    Like Us on Facebook

    Facebook Image
    Wednesday, 25 November 2009 09:24
    Religious Freedom Ranking:
    2 out of 5 stars: Poor

    BahrainShari’ah (Islamic Law) is the main source of legislation. The law regulates various aspects of religious education and family life. People are considered equal in human dignity, and citizens theoretically have equal public rights and duties before the law, without discrimination as to race, origin, language, religion or belief. Freedom of conscience is stated to be absolute and the State guarantees the inviolability of places of worship, the freedom to perform religious rites and the right to hold religious processions and meetings, but only in accordance with the customs observed in the country. The Constitution prohibits religious discrimination but there is no law enforcing this, nor any way to file a grievance. Civil unrest in recent months has created an unstable situation in the country, with possible implications for its standards of religious freedom, since the problem relates to tensions between the more powerful Sunnis and the more populous Shi’ites.

    The non-foreign citizenry is 99 percent Muslim (Shi'a nearly 70 percent, Sunni 30 percent). The other 1 percent of natives are Christians and other non-Muslims, including Jews, Hindus, and Baha'is. They are free to practice their religion, maintain their own places of worship and may display the symbols of their religion. Bibles and other Christian publications are displayed and sold openly in local bookshops, which also sell Islamic and other religious literature. Some small groups worship in their homes. Proselytizing by non-Muslims is discouraged, anti-Islamic writings are prohibited, and conversions from Islam to other religions, while not illegal, are not well tolerated by society. Although natives are almost all uniform Muslims, 49 percent of the population is comprised of foreigners, mostly from south Asia and other Arab countries; half are Muslim with the other half being Christians (Roman Catholic, Protestant, Syrian Orthodox, and Mar Thoma from South India), Hindus, Baha’is, Buddhists, and Sikhs. All religious groups must register with the government.

    Unlike most Islamic states there are no civil laws which target apostasy, blasphemy or proselytizing, although changing religion from Islam to another is frowned upon and converts may lose their position in society or employment and may receive persecution or shunning from neighbors.

    Both Sunni and Shi'a sects are subject to governmental control and monitoring. There is an historical struggle between these groups especially with Iran being a Shi’ite-dominated northern neighbor. In 2010, the Government closed mosques and ma'tams (Shi'a community centers) in certain locations to prevent religious leaders from delivering political speeches. According to reports, security forces entered religious facilities and removed communication equipment which were alleged to be used to further political unrest.

    The government established an oversight body to review and approve all clerical appointments and program oversight for all citizens studying religion abroad. Public religious events are permitted but are closely watched by the police. The government monitors travel to Iran and scrutinize those who choose to pursue religious study there.

    In 2009 the first personal status law (which regulates family matters: inheritance, child custody, marriage, and divorce) was adopted. But it applies only to Sunnis as Shi’a clerics, and lawmakers opposed it because it would require interpretation by a Ja’afari court (Sunni). This law gave protection to women requiring their consent for marriage and allowed a woman to include her conditions in the marriage contract. Shi’ite women do not benefit from this law as their clerics deny the law based on theological disagreement.

    Recent unrest in the Middle East has influenced some struggle between the minority Sunni (who tend to be more wealthy) and the Shi’ites (who tend to be of a lower socio-economic class with higher unemployment). Sunnis are reportedly in greater numbers in sensitive positions in the government.

    There has been rioting in some Shi’a villages with youth burning tires and at times throwing Molotov cocktails at police. This was due to a perception of unequal treatment by the government and in part due to Shi’a radicals’ preaching. In 2011, the rioting spread to the cities and threatened the stability of the regime.

    There was some anti-Jewish political commentary and editorial cartoons which were usually linked to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The government did not respond to them.

    2010 U.S. State Department International Religious Freedom Report on Bahrain

    Bahrain - New World Encyclopedia


    Last Updated on Wednesday, 28 September 2011 12:32