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  • Myanmar Politician Preparing to Seek Legal Limits on Interfaith, Interethnic Marriage

  • Call for Religious Leaders to Teach Acceptance in Malaysia

  • Attacks on religion, liberty

  • Can Muslim lands learn to tolerate Christianity?

  • China vents anger over Dalai Lama's planned Norway visit

  • Militia attack Muslims in Central African Republic's capital

  • Egypt’s new charter stronger on personal freedoms

  • Pussy Riot members freed from prison

  • Frank Wolf, champion of religious freedom, will end congressional career

  • A Political Deal in a Deeply Divided Tunisia as Islamists Agree to Yield Power

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  • The Central African Republic descending into ‘complete chaos’

  • French burqa ban challenged in top European court

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  • China aims to harness religious beliefs to promote harmony

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  • Sunnis Close Baghdad Mosques to Challenge Religious Attacks

  • Modi campaign stirs religious divide in India's heartland

  • Aung San Suu Kyi, and Myanmar, faces an uncertain future

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  • TAJIKISTAN: "The Law demands that all religious literature be checked by the State"

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  • With 'loving kindness', Myanmar frees 69 political prisoners

  • New U.N. Rights Council Members Are Elected

  • Turkish court lifts headscarf ban for attorneys

  • Egypt's Christians close ranks as kidnappings spike

  • Hundreds of Buddhists in Myanmar protest Organization of Islamic Cooperation’s upcoming visit

  • Frank Wolf Renews Calls for Release of U.S. Pastor from Iranian Prison

  • Many Sunnis and Shias Worry About Religious Conflict

  • China paper blames blind faith of “uncultured” Uighur youth for Xinjiang unrest

  • Turkey's Alevis protest for greater freedoms

  • KAZAKHSTAN: "He was told not to sell religious literature"

  • Myanmar violence between Buddhists, Muslims threatens reforms

  • UZBEKISTAN: Baptist camp ordered seized, Protestant pressured to inform

  • Tibetans Call China’s Policies at Tourist Spot Tacit but Stifling

  • Violence against Muslims threatening Myanmar reforms: U.N. envoy

  • Putin says unnamed foreign foes use radical Islam to weaken Russia

  • Malaysia’s curbs on use of the term ‘Allah’ hurting its moderate Muslim image

  • Vietnamese Court Orders Two Parishioners of Vinh Diocese Jailed

  • Opinion:State Department stays mute on persecuted religious minorities worldwide

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  • Clerics call on UN military force to secure Central African Republic

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  • ARMENIA: "Imprisoned conscientious objectors should be immediately and unconditionally released"

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  • Suzan Johnson Cook to resign as religious freedom ambassador

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  • KAZAKHSTAN: Pastor to be transferred from prison to house arrest

  • Kenya Salvation Army Church Torched; Four Killed

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  • Orthodox leader calls for end Christians' persecution

  • Jewish groups slam Council of Europe Assembly resolution on circumcision

  • Opinion: Quebec’s coup d’etat against religious freedom

  • Small town, big impact: Supreme Court case could define religion’s role in public

  • European council passes anti-ritual circumcision resolution

  • Council of Muftis complain to U.S. reps about disrespect for Muslims in Russia

  • Woman, 94, killed as Buddhist rioters attack Muslim villages in western Myanmar

  • RUSSIA: What's wrong with "extremist" Koran translation?

  • Persecution against Christians increases in many parts of the world

  • How Promotion of Religious Freedom Can Help Prevent Extreme Violence

  • RUSSIA: Muslims rush to challenge Koran "extremism" ruling

  • Judge Ordered Sikh to Remove 'That Rag' from Head, Says ACLU

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    Friday, 09 September 2011 21:47
    Religious Freedom Ranking:
    4 out of 5 stars: Good

    CanadaThe Constitution’s section on the Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1982) specifically provides for religious freedom, and the government has generally respected this right in practice. Citizens have the right to sue the government for violations of religious freedom.

    The country has a population of 33.9 million. According to the most recent census (2001), approximately 77.1 percent of the population is Christian. Roman Catholics constitute 44 percent and Protestant denominations constitute 29 percent. The United Church, Anglican, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Baptists and Pentecostal churches are the largest Protestant denominations. The Muslim population counts as two percent. The Jewish population is approximately 1.1 percent. Other religious groups include Buddhists, Hindus and Sikhs, each estimated at one percent. Scientology, the Baha’i Faith, Unificationism, Shintoism and Taoism account for less than one percent. Followers of “aboriginal spirituality” make up 0.1 percent of the population. Approximately 16 percent of the population is nonbelievers.

    The government observes the following religious holidays as national holidays: Good Friday, Easter Monday and Christmas Day.

    Members of parliament, civil liberties organizations and the media have claimed that the federal and provincial human rights commissions and tribunals occasionally limited free speech, free expression and religious rights in federal and provincial human rights acts. These complaints often stemmed from hate speech legislation aimed against Bible-based criticism of homosexual lifestyles. The national statistical agency reported 1,036 hate crimes in 2008. These were mostly motivated by religion. Jews, Catholics and Muslims were the most targeted groups.

    There have also been a number of complaints by Muslim women who were denied various services because they refused to remove their face-coverings. In 2010 the Quebec Human Rights Commission decided that the principle of gender equality trumps the principle of religious sensitivity, with the result that Muslim women who wear face coverings may no longer insist on female clerks when being photographed for public health cards. On the other hand, In March 2010 the Commission upheld the right of a health insurance board government employee to wear the hijab (woman's headscarf) while working. As of this writing, the Commission had not yet ruled on the cases of several women who were expelled from language instruction courses after they refused to remove their face-coverings.

    British Columbia’s provincial Supreme Court has been considering whether section 293 of the federal criminal code forbidding polygamy violates the nation’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms. British Columbia is home to a colony of the Utah-based Mormon fundamentalists who practice polygamy.

    The government does not require religious groups to register. Religious institutions were granted tax-exemption through the Charities Directorate of the tax authority, the Canada Revenue Agency. This provides religious institutions with federal and provincial benefits.

    The law allows parents to home school their children and to send them to religious private schools. Denominational schools are sometimes treated as public schools in terms of state support. However, Ontario is the only province that financed Catholic religious education but did not finance other denominational schools.

    There is no authorized government council for interfaith dialogue. The government has provided funding for individual projects. In March 2009, quoting a “zero tolerance approach toward anti-Semitism,” the government opened a review of its civic service grants to eradicate government support for organizations that promoted hatred or expressed support for terrorism.

    There have been no reports of religious prisoners or forced religious conversions.

    2010 U.S. State Department International Religious Freedom on Canada

    Last Updated on Wednesday, 27 June 2012 14:21